Assalamualaikum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh. Alhamdulillah. Solatan wa salaman ‘ala Rasulillah. Amma ba’du.
Firstly, thank you to Sheikh Ramzy Ajem for such an inspiring and reflective lecture. Sheikh listed four important characters of a classroom to be considered as sound and aligned with the spirit of Islam, which are:
Sheikh also emphasised that, the main factor which contributes to the healthy learning environment is the instructor; the teacher, referring to his or her physical, emotional, intellectual and spiritual hāl.
I would like to refer this issue to PISA 2009 report. Results from PISA 2009 show that disciplinary climate is strongly associated with student performance. students who reported that their reading lessons are often interrupted perform less well than students who reported that there are few or no interruptions in class. Based on the level of noise in the classroom, some top leading Asian countries like Japan, and Shanghai-China have the quietest classroom. While among the noisiest classrooms is country like Finland, which is also known having one of the best education system in the world.
Professor Kirsi Tirri explained, Finnish classroom is noisy because of the democratic characteristic it has due to the student-centered classroom, when teachers and students are constantly engaged in discussions.
This indicates that a good classroom is not necessarily the quietest one, but the key point is the engagement. That is why, it is important when Sheikh Ramzy included ‘functional’ as one of the main characters of a good learning environment. There is no point of having a quiet, calm, authoritative teacher to student kind of environment while students are not engaged and learning is hardly functioning.
We need to balance between disciplining the students and keeping them enthusiastic.
BETWEEN BEING MANNERED AND REMAIN ACTIVE
Zendosti writes in his book called The Summary that the ignorant before the knowledgeable, students before teachers, should remain attentive and silent. They should never start to talk unless they are asked, never contradict what has been said, and be brief when permitted to speak. When the teacher shows signs of fatigue or displeasure, they should never ask questions, but remove themselves. They should respect the times, and the limits of the times, when they are permitted into the teacher’s presence, knock gently on his door, and wait for his answer. When the teacher is away, one should never sit where he sat, and one should never walk in front of him. These and other manifestations of respect and care for the wise and the scholars are fitting behavior for believers. Surely you will benefit most from a teacher if you love him, seek his approval and pleasure, fear his anger, and obey him completely in any order not contrary to God’s rules.”
The students must be disciplined to uphold the right manner. But it doesn’t make them passive as passiveness is not the character of learners in the halaqah of the Prophet PBUH.
One of my favourite hadith of the Prophet PBUH when discussing about instruction in a classroom is the story of Malik ibn al-Huwayrith r.a. which Sheikh Ramzy discussed in the video.
حدثنا إسماعيل بن إبراهيم، حدثنا أيوب، عن أبي قلابة، عن مالك بن الحويرث، قال أتينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ونحن شببة متقاربون فأقمنا معه عشرين ليلة قال وكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم رحيما رفيقا فظن أنا قد اشتقنا أهلنا فسألنا عمن تركنا في أهلنا فأخبرناه فقال ارجعوا إلى أهليكم فأقيموا فيهم وعلموهم ومروهم إذا حضرت الصلاة فليؤذن لكم أحدكم ثم ليؤمكم أكبركم
“I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with some of my people and we stayed with him for twenty nights. He was kind and merciful to us. When he saw our yearning for our families, he said, ‘Return and be with them. Teach them and do the prayer. When the time for the prayer comes, one of you should give the adhan on behalf of all of you and the oldest of you should be the Imam. “ [al-Bukhari]
Everytime I read this hadith, it reminds me with Dale Carnegie’s How to Win Friends and Influence People. How Rasulullah PBUH was so interested with his students, sincerely asked them what bothered them, acknowledged their conditions and even at that particular session, he stopped his lesson, let the students went home, and somehow, made the students bring home the lesson to practise. How efficient the pedagogy was… when the Prophet PBUH applied all the qualities that are now associated with 21st century education! He was indeed the best teacher, not simply because we are Muslims and he was the Messanger of Allah, but even from the ‘secular’ point of view, he was truly the greatest teacher of all time.
THE COLLAPSE OF PARENTING
It is getting more challenging nowadays to have a good learning environment for our classroom. I am referring to what Dr. Leonard Sax mentioned in his book The Collapse of Parenting: How We Hurt Our Kids When We Treat Them Like Grown-Ups. In many ways, children come from home when nurturing good culture is not effective, if not completely absent. Children are not so much aware with their surrounding and therefore cleanliness, keeping the physical surrounding good, clean and beautiful, pleasing to Allah, is no longer a common sense. Therefore, teachers carry heavier burden to run the shaping process for students to learn to respect themselves, others, and the world around them.
Before the lesson begins, it is a routine for all teachers in our school to make sure that the floor and tables are clean, all unnecessary stationaries and books are removed from the table, students’ attires are in good condition, and then only teachers will begin the lesson. This is needed repeatedly. We do it with kind but firm. We reward our students with smile, praises, and sometimes some little surprises for upholding the third responsibility of being a good Khalifah and that it to keep the physical world good, clean and beautiful, pleasing to Allah.
PISA 2009 concluded:
A disciplinary climate that is conducive to learning is not only positively related to student performance, but results from PISA suggest that it can weaken the impact of students’ socio-economic status on performance. [See OECD (2010), PISA 2009 Results: What Makes a School Successful? Resources, Policies and Practices, Volume IV, PISA, OECD Publishing.]
In our school, we emphasise on this matter at a very important level. It is an ongoing shaping process. Alfie Kohn in his book Feel Bad Education: And Other Contrarian Essays on Children and Schooling reminds us, “…That so few children seem to take pleasure from what they’re doing on a given weekday morning, that the default emotional state in classrooms seems to alternate between anxiety and boredom, doesn’t even alarm us. Worse: Happiness in schools is something for which educators may feel obliged to apologise when it does make an appearance. After all, they wouldn’t want to be accused of offering a “feel-good” education.”
LISTENING AND QUESTIONING
If we want to learn from the Prophetic pedagogy, I would say that the most prominent character embedded is the practise of listening and questioning. Both can be found almost everywhere and they really created a transformations in ‘medieval’ education, nothing similar to that can be found elsewhere at that time. The importance of listening and questioning in creating the culture of thinking, is mentioned by Ron Ritchhart in his book, Creating Cultures of Thinking: The 8 Forces We Must Master to Truly Transform Our Schools. He said:
“… Listening and questioning are the basis for positive classroom interactions that can in turn shape meaningful collaboration, which can then build a culture of thinking.”
Listening and questioning are the important signs that students are well engaged. In order to achieve this, we move away from the traditional method of lesson plan to a more dynamic 5 Minute Lesson Plan by TeacherToolkit (http://www.teachertoolkit.me/the-5-minute-lesson-plan/).
Even though a lesson plan is only a tiny part of the enormous range of components needed to become a ‘good’ teacher, to plan a good lesson plan like the one here, requires teachers to review their content and inject a lot of dynamism in the instruction. This is how the 50 minutes session is utilised to the max.
Last but not least, I believe that the combination of strong knowledge and a heart full of love and compassion will inspire students. One of the most important evidence to the greatness of Muhammad PBUH, is his companions, his ‘students’.
Keep inspiring, teachers.